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    The Globalization of Chinese Enterprises: Trends and Characteristics

    出版機構:Springer

    作者:Wang Huiyao, Miao Lu

    發布時間:2020

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    近日,由全球化智庫(CCG)主任王輝耀博士和CCG秘書長苗綠博士主編的全英文著作?The Globalization of Chinese Enterprises: Trends and Characteristics(《中國企業全球化:趨勢與特征》)在國際著名學術性出版社——Springer(斯普林格)出版。本書調查分析了近3000個數據樣本,采用定量和定性研究相結合的方法,分析了中國企業在海外經營時所面臨的挑戰,對中國企業全球化的特征和模式提出了獨特的見解,并通過分析為已經和計劃“走出去”的企業提供有益參考。

     

    中國企業全球化是21世紀經濟全球化最顯著的特征之一。盡管經歷了2008年的金融危機,全球對外投資疲軟,但在“走出去”倡議下,中國對外投資一路向好,同時在投資方式、目的地、產業等方面也在逐步實現多元化。在部分國家反全球化情緒日益高漲,中國企業全球化面對新的挑戰之際,本書對中國企業全球化的現狀與未來提出了獨特的見解,主要研究了三方面內容,包括中國企業全球化的現狀原因分析和相應的解決方案,以及對企業、政府機構和其他機構的相關建議。

    本書第一章主要研究了當前世界對外投資的趨勢與特點。書中指出,2017年全球經濟和全球貨物貿易均以2011年以來最快速度增長,增長速度分別達到3%和4.7%。然而,全球外國直接投資則在2016、2017年連續兩年下降。例如,2017年,跨境并購和公布的綠地投資分別下降了22%和14%。此外,發達國家的投資水平急劇變化,而發展中國家的投資水平保持穩定和強勁??偟膩碚f,國際投資政策正變得更加自由化并具支持性,但某些國家采取的保護主義措施仍令人擔憂。

    本書第二章主要分析了中國對外直接投資的現狀與特點。書中指出,盡管貿易壁壘不斷上加大,反全球化趨勢上升,中國經濟仍在持續增長和發展。據國家統計局統計,2017年,中國GDP總量首次突破80萬億元大關,達到82.7萬億元,同比增長6.9%,實現經濟年度增速自2011年下行以來的首次回升。目前,盡管中國企業對外直接投資放緩,但投資領域和投資模式趨于穩定,投資多元化、領域拓寬,尤其在“一帶一路”沿線投資中取得了豐碩成果。

    本書第三章聚焦中國企業全球化面臨的問題及其對策。書中指出,隨著中國企業“走出去”的步伐不斷加快,中國企業在全球化進程中遇到了各種各樣的問題,包括管理風險的能力不足,例如法律和政治風險;參與制定國際標準的程度低;企業品牌國際化戰略的障礙;以及企業人才國際化的有限性。為了幫助解決這些問題,本章分析了各個領域的現狀和挑戰,提出了原因分析,并據此提出了合理的解決方案。此外,本書還統計收錄了2016至2017年間879家中國企業對外投資情況。

    Preface

    Foreword One

    Foreword Two

    Chapter 1? Current trends and features of outbound investment worldwide

    1.1 Outline

    1.2 The current situation and features of outbound investment worldwide

    1.2.1 The largest drop in global FDI levels in recent years

    1.2.2 FDI flows to developed economies fluctuated but flows to developing economies remained stable

    1.2.3 Cross-border M&A and greenfield investment

    1.2.4 International policy trends toward liberalization and investment facilitation

    Chapter 2? Current Trends and Features of China’s OFDI

    2.1 China’s OFDI decreases for the first time as policies rationalize the go-global movement

    2.2 OFDI destinations diversify, with rapid growth in Europe and Africa

    2.3 China’s OFDI covers many sectors, with particular increases in manufacturing, wholesale and retail, and finance

    2.4 Overseas M&As by Chinese enterprises grow but fluctuate

    2.5 Participation in the BRI by Chinese firms benefitted host countries

    Chapter 3? Problems Faced by Globalizing Chinese Enterprises and Proposed Solutions

    3.1 Legal Risks

    3.1.1 Current situation: Enterprises “going global” face high legal risk and often rely on poor local legal services

    3.1.2 Causal analysis: Lack of corporate legal awareness and insufficient international legal talent

    3.1.3 Suggested Solutions

    3.2 Political Risk

    3.2.1 Current situation: Increasing frequency of geopolitical incidents and damage to overseas corporate interests

    3.2.2 Causal analysis: Lack of preparatory intelligence gathering and an imperfect system of protective policies

    3.2.3 Suggested solutions

    3.3 Chinese investment in the US under the China-US trade issues

    3.3.1 Current situation: Problems facing Chinese investment in the US under the China-US trade Issues

    3.3.2 Causal analysis: Structural problems caused by rapid development of the global economy, skewing of China-US trade deficit under traditional statistical methods, and changes in domestic and international politics

    3.3.3 Suggested Solutions

    3.4 International Standard Setting

    3.4.1 Current situation: Low-level of involvement in international standard setting

    3.4.2 Causal analysis: Insufficient talent, technology and funding lead to weaknesses in the content and translation of standards

    3.4.3 Suggested solutions

    3.5 Internationalization of Chinese brands

    3.5.1 Current situation: Chinese brand internationalization strategies face obstacles

    3.5.2 Causal analysis: Lack of brand awareness, association and strategy

    3.5.3 Suggested solutions

    3.6 Talent Internationalization

    3.6.1 Current situation: Chinese enterprises lack international talent

    3.6.2 Causal analysis: Weak human resources management and cultivation

    3.6.3 Suggested solutions

    3.7 Enterprise Compliance

    3.7.1 Current situation: Compliance is a critical component of Chinese enterprises’ internationalization

    3.7.2 Causal analysis: Chinese enterprises are not familiar with overseas laws and take risks without having the necessary compliance mechanisms in place

    3.7.3 Suggested solutions

    Appendixes

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